She was elected to the prominent member working committee of the Congress Party in and, four years later, was named its president. Jayee Rajguruthe chief of Army of Kalinga requested all the kings of the state to join hands for a common cause against the British.
After learning about the true intentions of the British during the second conference, he came up with another Satyagraha, for which he was once again arrested. During his stay in Pretoria, Gandhi read about 80 books on religion. Non-cooperation movement severely jolted the British government.
Assassination Inthe holy Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab, was taken over by Sikh extremists seeking an autonomous state. There, Gandhi was seated in the first-class compartment, as he had purchased a first-class ticket.
He then joined the Indian National Congress and before taking over the leadership inheaded many agitations which he named Satyagraha.
He was the prince regent of the princely state of Kottiyur or Cotiote in North Malabar, near Kannur, India between and He had cautioned the British not to pass the Rowlatt Act, but they did not pay any attention to his words and passed the Act.
Gandhi was released and, in Januarya provisional agreement was arrived at between him and General Smuts and the main Indian demands were conceded. India is a now a sovereign republic and is a force to reckon with in world politics. Gandhi registered, but his disappointment was great when Smuts went back on his word and refused to repeal the Black Act along with denying any promises were made.
It was this rare combination of readiness to resist wrong and capacity to love his opponent which baffled his enemies and compelled their admiration. He used terminology and phrases such as Rama -rajya from RamayanaPrahlada as a paradigmatic icon, and such cultural symbols as another facet of swaraj and satyagraha.
By the time Gandhi arrived in South Africa the growing national- perpetuated by the White ruling authorities and the majority of the White citizenry - anti-Indian attitude had spread to Natal now kwaZulu-Natal.
Within a few weeks about a hundred thousand men and women were in jail, throwing mighty machinery of the British Government out of gear. It initially led to a strong Muslim support for Gandhi. He came back to India after being called to the bar by Inner Temple.
But the British failed to recognize it and soon they levied a tax on salt and Salt Satyagraha was launched in Marchas an opposition to this move. His brother saw him off.
Indians refused to get fingerprinted and picketed the documentation offices. In an attempt to travel more anonymously, Gandhi began wearing a loincloth dhoti and sandals the average dress of the masses during this journey. In Januarywhen Gandhi landed in Durban, a mob of white settlers attacked him  and he escaped only through the efforts of the wife of the police superintendent.
As announced, Gandhiji asked everyone to start civil disobedience against the British. As a child, Gandhi was a very naughty and mischievous kid. Gandhiji returned to Rajkot but here also he could not make much headway.
However, the violent clash in Chauri Chaura town of Uttar Pradesh, in Februaryforced Gandhiji to call-off the movement all of a sudden.
When the British air caused Gandhi to take ill, he sailed to India in January At thirteen, the young Gandhi was married to Kasturba [or Kasturbai], who was of the same age as himself.
With Gandhi isolated in prison, the Indian National Congress split into two factions, one led by Chitta Ranjan Das and Motilal Nehru favouring party participation in the legislatures, and the other led by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patelopposing this move.
He asked Joseph Chamberlainthe British Colonial Secretary, to reconsider his position on this bill. She formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British, whom she did successfully fight in Gandhiji was a mediocre student and was excessively shy and timid.
His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi —served as the diwan chief minister of Porbandar state.The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the occupation of the British Empire in India and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (–) and the British Indian Empire (–) in the Indian mi-centre.com movement spanned a total of 90 years.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October – 30 January ), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā "Great Soul").
In India he is generally regarded as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ bāpu "father"), Jathi Pitha and Raashtra Pita; he was an advocate and pioneer of nonviolent social protest and direct action in. The history of India’s independence is the story of a prolong struggle to gain independence from the British rule.
Presenting a timeline of events elaborating several important movements that finally led to an independent India! Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ ˈ ɡ ɑː n d i, ˈ ɡ æ n-/; [needs Gujarati IPA] Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] (listen); 2 October – 30 January ) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British mi-centre.coming nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born to a Hindu family on 2 Octoberin Porbandar, Gujarat, India. He was the last child of Karamchand Gandhi, his father and his father's fourth wife Putlibai. Video interview with Ela Gandhi. Ela Gandhi is the daughter of Mahatma Gandhi's second son, Manilal, who edited the Indian Opinion for many years.
She was a member of the South African Parliament for 10 years after the first democratic elections induring which time she represented the Phoenix area of Inanda in KwaZulu-Natal.Download